Japans political system or the pattern of governance is fundamentally parliamentary and broadly westminster model there is a constitutional monarch who is referred as the emperorwho in theory chooses the pm but the pm must have the support of the majority of the in house representatives which here means that the parliament de facto chooses the pm. Many japan watchers expected that a jury system would be revived after the pacific war p 91 but that did not happen largely because alfred c oppler thomas blakemore and other leaders in the occupation believed that the taisho jury had been a failure and that it would be impossible to transplant into japan an anglo saxon jury from a different tradition p 99 as oppler described . Japanese mode of trial in a legal system which was heavily influenced by the prus sian model see trichiro mitani judiciary and political party in modern japan kindai nippon no shihoken to seitah tokyo 1980 i thank takashi maruta for pointing out to me the way in which the japanese tried to learn from various west ern countries before deciding on a form for a jury system 2 k . Type of political system used in japan the government system currently in effect is a parliamentary government with a constitutional monarchy divided into 3 branches the legislative the executive and the judicial the emperor figure 11 akihito who has been in power since 1989 acts as ceremonial head of state and the head of government is the prime minister shinzo abe 2 although . Japans jury system was introduced 80 years ago in 1928 the system lasted just 15 years until the middle of world war ii resembling judicial proceedings used in united states the old system involved a panel of 12 citizens who handed their verdict of guilty or not guilty to a judge the judge would then decide on the sentence the jury system handled 484 cases until it was terminated in
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